Nowadays, every one of us knows what is an obesity? It is a disorder which results in excessive body fat which may increase the risk of several cardiac diseases. This is one of the major issues which is growing rapidly in this digital world. The University of Washington in Lancet, on the basis of their research, observed that after The United States and China, India stands third with 41 million of people suffering from this obesity. News daily, The Hindu states a fact based on their research that claims that India has the second highest number of obese children in the world after China. Every year on November 26th Anti-obesity day is celebrated.
Difference between overweight and Obesity
Many of us have this confusion but let me clear it there is a huge difference between both the terms. At one point over weighted people may be accepted but not the obese ones.
When did a person called overweight?
Now a question arises that when a person is known as overweight? Overweight people are those who weigh a lot more than their normal weight and their BMI i.e. Body Mass Index weighs between 25 or 30.
Whereas, a person is known as obese when he has an excess of body fat which starts affecting its health and his BMI index is equal to or greater than 30.
How to check if your child is healthy?
For this World Health Organisation has defined ideal weights for several age groups up till 19 years of age limit.
Is it a disease?
It is not a normal lifestyle disorder instead it is a disease. Various bariatric surgeons (doctors who help extremely obese people to reduce weight) tells that obesity is a disease and needs to be managed under proper supervision. No gym or diet plan will help and it is necessary to visit a doctor.
It has been observed in all parts of the world except sub-Saharan Africa and was recognised as a global epidemic by the World Health Organisation in 1997.
It has also been reported that it is not caused due to thyroid but can cause a lot many diseases such as heart attack, breathing problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, gallbladder and gallstones diseases, osteoarthritis, gout etc.
According to WHO, obesity and overweight are the 5th leading risks for deaths with a global death count of 2.8 million people dying every year.
Lifestyle, A reason?
Lifestyle, such as lack of sleep, unbalanced diet, lack of physical activities and genetic heredity can be some major reason behind obesity.
According to National Family Health Survey, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, and Sikkim registered an alarming percentage of about 30 percent of their population falling in the obese category.
Underweight or overweight?
While most of us thinks that the reason behind such a high mortality rate in India is malnutrition but the reality is completely reversed of it. It is due to obesity, not malnutrition.
Not only metropolitan cities
Obesity prevails not only in metropolitan cities but also in rural areas with over 14.3 percent rural population being obese.
First Anti-Obesity campaign was launched by Vandana Luthra, founder of wellness brand VLCC in 2001, which on receiving media coverage became an annual campaign.